Knowledge Base

What Is an IP Address?

IP addresses are crucial for internet connectivity, acting as unique identifiers for devices communicating over a network. Standing for Internet Protocol, IP addresses adhere to a set protocol that dictates the data format sent across the internet or other networks.

Common IP Address Format

Typically, an IP address consists of four sets of numbers separated by periods, with each set ranging from 0 to 255. For example,

Types of IP Addresses

Understanding the various IP address categories is essential for navigating the internet's complexities.

Public vs. Private IP Addresses

  • Public IP Address: Assigned to your home network by your ISP (Internet Service Provider), this address is the main identifier for all your internet activity. You can find your public IP by searching "find my IP" on Google.
  • Private IP Address: Devices connected to your home network, like phones and laptops, each have a private IP. These addresses enable your router to identify and manage devices on your network.

Static vs. Dynamic IP Addresses

  • Static IP: Remains constant over time, beneficial for hosting servers. It ensures a stable connection to websites or email services associated with the network.
  • Dynamic IP: Frequently changes, assigned by ISPs to enhance network security. It makes it more challenging for unauthorized access to occur.

Dedicated vs. Shared IP Addresses

  • Dedicated IP: Allows direct access to your website via the IP address alone. Useful for website development and hosting an FTP server.
  • Shared IP: Common in web hosting, where your website shares an IP with others on the same server.

IPv4 vs. IPv6

  • IPv4: The most common form, consisting of a 32-bit address like
  • IPv6: Developed to expand the pool of available IP addresses, featuring a 128-bit address separated by colons, such as 2001:0db8:85a3:0000:0000:8a2e:0370:7334.


IP addresses enable seamless internet connectivity and data exchange across the world. By understanding the different types of IP addresses and their functions, users can better comprehend how digital communication works behind the scenes, ensuring a more secure and efficient online experience.

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